If you’re not familiar with linux or open source tools, finding all the dependencies, downloading the source, compiling source, creating the db, etc can be a daunting task. So I’ve created this cut and paste walk through to help you through those steps. Almost everything here is cut and paste, except for hostname, and password information :) You’ll need to provide those on your own. I’ve done my best to make this as accurate as possible. I hate walkthroughs that just aren’t accurate! CentOS was installed choosing zero options, with as base of an installation as it would let me. I used the 2.6.18-8 kernel. If you have any questions, or find any errors, please let me know. And of course as usual, if you find it helpful, also, please let me know :)

I wrote these instructions using 1.4.1 as the example, but theres no reason why 1.4.2 shouldn’t work the same way :)

Update, 11/4/2007: 1.4.2 seems to install its binaries under prefix/sbin instead of prefix/bin, which is different than 1.4.1 which was used for this document. I’ve also noticed that when copying and pasting from this guide some of the whitespace, apostrophies, and dashes (‘ – ) seem to get distorted upon pasting. Its correct in the source, but when its displayed something is munged up. When I figure out what it is, I’ll fix it. In the meantime if you get a syntax error, try retyping what I’ve put on this page instead of copying and pasting. And if you know why its happening, let me know! :)

Install all the necessary pieces. I started with a very base installation of CentOS 5.

yum -y install ntp php php-bcmath php-gd php-mysql httpd mysql gcc mysql-server mysql-devel net-snmp net-snmp-utils net-snmp-devel net-snmp-libs curl-devel mak

Start up the time server. its important for the time between your devices to be in sync.

/etc/init.d/ntpd start

Download fPing, and install it:

wget http://dag.wieers.com/rpm/packages/fping/fping-2.4-1.b2.2.el5.rf.i386.rpm

rpm -Uvh fping-2.4-1.b2.2.el5.rf.i386.rpm

chmod 7555 /usr/sbin/fping

Create Zabbix user.

useradd zabbix

Download zabbix and untar it.

wget http://superb-east.dl.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/zabbix/zabbix-1.4.1.tar.gz

tar -xzvf zabbix-1.4.1.tar.gz

Start MySQL, and change the root password.

/etc/init.d/mysqld start

/usr/bin/mysqladmin -u root password YourFancyNewRootPassword

Connect to the DB using your newly created root password. Create the zabbix DB, and assign a new user (zabbixmysqluser) with privileges to that DB. You may want to change “zabbixmysqlpassword” to something else. But it should not be the same as any other “critical” password because it will be stored plain text in a config file.

mysql -u root -p

mysql> CREATE DATABASE zabbix;

mysql> GRANT DROP,INDEX,CREATE,SELECT,INSERT,UPDATE,ALTER,DELETE ON zabbix.* TO zabbixmysqluser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY ‘zabbixmysqlpassword';

mysql> quit;

Create the DB Schema

cd zabbix-1.4.1

cat create/schema/mysql.sql | mysql -u zabbixmysqluser -pzabbixmysqlpassword zabbix

cat create/data/data.sql | mysql -u zabbixmysqluser -pzabbixmysqlpassword zabbix

cat create/data/images_mysql.sql | mysql -u zabbixmysqluser -pzabbixmysqlpassword zabbix

./configure –enable-server –prefix=/usr/local/zabbix –with-mysql –with-net-snmp –with-libcurl

make install

make clean

Compile the agent. I chose to compile it staticly, so it can be copied easily to other hosts.

./configure –enable-agent –prefix=/usr/local/zabbix –enable-static

make install

Add the zabbix server and agent ports to your /etc/services file.

echo ‘zabbix_agent 10050/tcp’ >> /etc/services

echo ‘zabbix_trap 10051/tcp’ >> /etc/services

Copy the sample configs to /etc/zabbix for server and agentd.

mkdir /etc/zabbix

cp misc/conf/zabbix_agentd.conf /etc/zabbix

cp misc/conf/zabbix_server.conf /etc/zabbix

in /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf, modify:

DBUser=zabbixmysqluser

BPassword=zabbixmysqlpassword

DBSocket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock

FpingLocation=/usr/sbin/fping

in /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf, modify:

Server=127.0.0.1,Your.Zabbix.Server.IP

Hostname=EnterAUniqueHostNameForEachAgent

cp misc/init.d/redhat/zabbix_agentd_ctl /etc/init.d/zabbix_agentd
cp misc/init.d/redhat/zabbix_server_ctl /etc/init.d/zabbix_server

in /etc/init.d/zabbix_agentd AND /etc/init.d/zabbix_server:

BASEDIR=/usr/local/zabbix

in /etc/init.d/zabbix_agentd (Note the # hash marks, they are necessary), add near the top, just below #!/bin/sh:

# chkconfig: 345 95 95
# description: Zabbix Agentd

in /etc/init.d/zabbix_server (again, note the # Hash marks, they are required), add near the top, just below #!/bin/sh:

# chkconfig: 345 95 95
# description: Zabbix Server

Configure automatic starting and stopping of services.

chkconfig –level 345 zabbix_server on

chkconfig –level 345 zabbix_agentd on

chkconfig –level 345 httpd on

chkconfig –level 345 mysqld on

chkconfig –level 0123456 iptables off

/etc/init.d/iptables stop

Note: I turn the iptables firewall OFF because my box is behind a firewall. You should consult with your network folks before turning off the firewall. At the very least you should poke holes for port 80, 10050, and 10051 in the firewall.

cp -r frontends/php /var/www/html/zabbix

in /etc/php.ini, modify:

max_execution_time = 300

date.timezone = America/Los_Angeles

Note: Obviously you should substitute your own time zone. For a list of all valid timezones, click here

/etc/init.d/httpd start

chmod 777 /var/www/html/zabbix/conf

Launch http://your.servers.name/zabbix inyour browser. You should be prompted with a setup screen. Click through the user agreement, and when you get to the Pre requisites screen, make sure you have a green OK next to everything.

Zabbix pre req’s

Zabbix DB config

When you’ve finished walking through the web interface setup:

chmod 755 /var/www/html/zabbix/conf

mv /var/www/html/zabbix/setup.php /var/www/html/zabbix/setup.php.bak

/etc/init.d/zabbix_agentd start

/etc/init.d/zabbix_server start

You can now login to your zabbix installation by going to http://your.server.name/zabbix, using the username “admin”, with no password. To monitor your zabbix server, you can go to the Configuration Tab, and choose the “hosts” sub Tab. Select the “Zabbix Server” host, by putting a checkmark next to it. and choose the “Activate Selected” button below. Wait a minute or two, then select the “Monitoring” tab, and then the “latest data” sub tab. You should start seeing performance stats appear!

For Reference, your binaries are under /usr/local/zabbix/bin, and your configuration files are in /etc/zabbix.

I’m not a big fan of their default template, I think the naming sucks. Look for a future article talking about renaming zabbix items. But this should be enough to get you started! :) You can find the answers to most of your questions in the Zabbix manual, available here: http://www.zabbix.com/documentation.php . You can also find lots of answers in the zabbix forums .